Future of Eco-friendly Technologies By Nabarup Ganguly, Department of geography

Man is an integral part of biosphere and therefore, is totally dependent on its resources. His future and even his survival, depends upon the rational use and conversation of the resources available to him.

If the environment is to continue to sustain life, it must be protected from the consequences for our own actions. Breathable air, clean water, fertile soil, and innumerable life forms, are all important resources that are vital to our survival. This is particularly important because physical resources are limited.

Today renewable solar energy is recognized by many populations as being in harmony with their cultural tradition because of its peaceful and environmentally friendly association. By reuniting science and culture, and by making effective use of what might be termed “ the cultural tools of solar technology”, sustainable solar energy seems poised to become the principal energy of the future. The efficient and economical use of solar energy derived from biomass, wind and ocean power, small hydroelectric facilities, from thermal, geothermal sources, and from photo voltaic and non- nuclear hydrogen energy may well enable the world to satisfy most of its energy requirements. MNES is targeting to attain 10% of raw capacity addition of renewable. India will soon set up a centre to impart training in environment governance and using market-based instruments for green choices in order to provide solution to the environmental problems in the next 50 years.

To enhance efficient use of inputs (agro-chemicals, water, fossil energy) and the development and use of resource conserving technologies certain policies concerning pricing, incentives, research, agricultural education, funding, etc. have to be made. Subsidies have to be more production oriented.

Adoption of resource conserving technologies leads to win-win situations, reduce cost of production, improve production and productivity, save on energy, water and are leading to precision agriculture in an ecofriendly manner.

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